360 Degree Accounting

Meticulous accounting of revenues and expenses, as well as proper management of finances, are crucial activities for any business organization. Statutory and legal compliance is also vital for the survival and growth of organizations. As hiring, training, and maintaining a good in-house Financial Accounting department is expensive and time-consuming, a large number of companies opt for the Outsourced Financial Accounting model these days. Financial Accounting used to be a rather simpler activity earlier. However, with the advent of globalization, rapidly evolving market dynamics as well as numerous tax laws and HR regulations, it is no more.

Fast-paced globalization and technology advancements have added newer dimensions – such as using different platforms like SAP, NetSuite, Microsoft Dynamics-AX, and QuickBooks – too. In this context, dealing with multiple Finance and Accounting Outsourcing vendors, who specialize in one or a few tasks, can become an enormous activity and defeat the very purpose of outsourcing itself. Therefore, organizations prefer a Finance and Accounting Outsourcing partner who can handle end-to-end Financial Accounting activities as a one-stop 360-degree solution.


The Financial Accounting department performs a wide range of accounting and allied activities which helps in keeping an organization’s finances in good shape and compliant with the statutory laws of the country.  They also ensure that employees’ wages are paid on time. They prepare the organization’s quarterly (Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4) and annual financial statements. They keep track of employees’ attendance, working hours, and overtime done. They keep the organization out of financial and legal trouble. Financial Accounting is a very skilled profession that demands 100% accuracy.

Organizations look for FAOs which can support them in a wide variety of Financial Accounting tasks including:

  • Accounts Payable (AP) and Accounts Receivable (AR)

Accounts Payable (AP) is the amount the company owes to its suppliers, banks, its employees, etcetera. The total of all the accounts payable is the company’s current liability. Accounts Receivable (AR) is the amount the company has to get from its customers or retailers. The company may also receive income from other sources like the sale of land, rents, etcetera. The total of all the accounts receivable is the company’s current assets. An accountant always ensures that Assets Receivable are greater than Assets Payable. This comparison between Assets Receivable and Assets Payable is called Liquidity Ratio. This comparison is most commonly made with the current ratio, the quick ratio may also be used. The details of AP and AR are given in the company’s Balance Sheets, which must be produced when preparing the company’s quarterly and annual reports.

  • Pricing Administration

Almost all organizations in the world either sell a product or service or both. The Price Administration specialist in an organization estimates and fixes the price for various products or services the company offers. The price-fixing is done based on the cost of raw materials, supplier selling cost, competitor pricing etcetera, and the supply and demand gap in the market. The price of a product or service should be competitive. If it’s too high, then people might not buy it. If it’s too low, then the organization might not profit much from selling it. It has to be at the optimal level.

  • Record to Report

Throughout its lifecycle, a company gets and spends money. Every penny spent and received must be accounted for accurately. Record to Report means the day-to-day financial data are recorded (using accounting software), verified, and processed to give intelligent financial information. The company then analyses the financial report and optimizes its business processes to derive more profits or cut expenditures.

  • Bookkeeping

A Bookkeeper records the day-to-day financial transactions of a company and stores it in the correct daybook like petty cash book, suppliers ledger, customer ledger, general ledger, etcetera. There are also many methods to bookkeeping like single-entry bookkeeping, double-entry bookkeeping, etcetera. A bookkeeper is responsible for producing the company’s Cash Flow Statements every quarter and annum.

  • Supply Chain Accounting

The costs incurred by an organization at every stage of the supply chain must be accounted for and analyzed. The business processes should be streamlined in such a way that supply chain costs are minimized.

  • Payroll Processing

As stated earlier, if employees’ wages are not paid on time, the organization could get into serious legal trouble. Therefore, every aspect of an employee like his or her login timings, overtime worked, bonuses, incentives, and other wages to be received must be calculated precisely and given on time. It is perhaps the most important accounting job of all.

  • Joint Venture Accounting

Two or more parties may come together for the purpose of achieving a specific goal/economic objective, by forming a joint venture (JV). Joint venture entities may assume different forms and structures, such as jointly controlled operations, jointly controlled assets, and jointly controlled entities. The accounting department needs to support the JVs accordingly. They may do this by either maintaining a separate set of books or by not maintaining a separate set of books.

  • Merger Accounting

Organizations have become very large, complex, and dynamic these days. Just keeping track of their activities has become a challenging task. However, accounting software has become very fast and robust these days. When an organization merges or becomes separate from another organization, merger accountants are able to analyze and formulate which employees stay in the merged organization or separated organization and to which employees, full and final settlement should be given.

  • Travel Expense Management

With more and more professionals traveling for business more and more frequently, the travel expense management activity has assumed a great deal of significance within the Financial Accounting department of large organizations. The Finance and Accounting team is required to clearly understand the travel expense policy laid out by the senior management and execute the same meticulously so that the traveling employees are adequately supported while ensuring policy adherence.

  • Tax payments

Accurate tax and duties payments are done by a Tax Manager. He makes sure that the company pays the local taxes and duties on time and is compliant with the statutory laws of the local government. He plays a part in the preparation of the Cash Flow and Net Income statement. He can be considered the most important type of accountant because failure to comply with the statutory laws of the local government could lead to heavy fines being imposed on the company or could lead to imprisonment of the company’s founder.

  • Underwriter: Sometimes, due to insufficient income, the company may be forced to mortgage its properties and apply for a mortgage loan. In such a scenario, the Underwriter clearly analyzes the terms and conditions (T&Cs) of the mortgage loan and gives a green signal to the company only when there are no flaws in the T&Cs. He provides financial and legal security to a company during certain times.
  • Treasury Tax specialist: He is responsible to pay the direct and indirect taxes on the company’s properties (land, buildings, etcetera) and other sources of income, which together constitute the company’s treasury. When the company buys or sells any property or gets income in any other way, the treasury tax specialist has to pay the necessary taxes to keep the company compliant with the statutory laws of the country. He also has other responsibilities like Bank Relationship Management, Liquidity Management, Managing Currency & Commodity Exposures and Working Capital Management.
  • Reporting and Financial Statements

One of the key tasks that need to be performed by the Financial Accounting department is to prepare financial reports that can be used for budgeting, forecasting, and other decision-making processes. Various stakeholders such as investors, banks, and other professionals that play a role in the growth of the business look forward to receiving timely financial statements from the organization.

  • Financial Analysis Reporting

Financial analysis reporting talks about the financial health of the organization. It is prepared by Financial Accounting professionals after conducting thorough research and analysis of the company’s financial data. The Financial Analysis report is taken seriously by investors – present and potential – and therefore it is a very critical document.  The Financial Analysis report includes components such as company overview, investment thesis, key risks, other considerations, and the bottom line.

  • Financial Controls

Financial control is another important activity that the Financial Accounting department carries out. This involves controlling and adjusting processes to ensure that business plans are being followed and that they are amended in the event of anomalies, irregularities, or unforeseen developments.


As discussed above, the list of tasks that are carried out by the Financial Accounting department is very long. An organization will find it beneficial to engage a comprehensive Finance and Accounting Outsourcing solutions provider in this context, rather than working with individual specialist teams. The benefits of engaging a 360-degree Accounting Service provider include cost advantage, ease of hiring and engaging, usage of multi-accounting platforms, confidentiality, and safety of data, trust, and confidence, ease of interaction,  quicker TAT, etc. It is for these reasons that more and more organizations that opt for Finance and Accounting Outsourcing model are preferring to go with a partner who can provide 360-degree accounting solutions.